The maximum tolerable level of consumption of selected nutrients

Category: Scientific
Maksymalny tolerowany poziom spożycia wybranych składników odżywczych
The maximum tolerable level of consumption of selected nutrients

Every nutrient supplied in the form of a dietary supplement or food has a specified safe maximum daily dose for consumption by humans.

Table of maximum tolerated levels of consumption of selected nutrients[4][5].

Nutrientby SCF/EFSA[1]
defined as UL – the highest tolerable level
by IOM[2]
defined as UL – the highest tolerable level
by EVM[3]
value GL – tolerable levels / SUL – maximum safe level
Vitamins & Minerals
Biotin [μg]900
(GL in food)
β-carotene [mg]
provitamin of vitamin A
25
(for smokers)
7
(SUL only in supplements)
Zinc [mg]254025
(SUL in food)
Fluoride [mg]7
(for children over 8 years of age and adults)
10
Phosphorus [mg]4000250
(GL in food)
Iodine [μg]6001100500
(GL in food)
Folic acid [μg]1000
(only supplements of folic acid)
10001000
(GL in food)
Nicotinic acid [mg]1035 (niacin)17
(GL in food)
Nicotinamide [mg]90035 (niacin)560
(GL)
Magnesium [mg]250
(for supplements)
350400
(GL in food)
Copper [mg]5
(not applicable to the period of pregnancy and lactation)
1010 (SUL)
Molybdenum [μg]6002000
Selenium [μg]300400450 (SUL)
Calcium [mg]250025001500
(GL in food)
Vitamin A [μg RE]
(retinol)
3000
(does not apply to post-menopausal women)
30001500 (GL)
Vitamin B6 [mg]
(pyridine derivatives, pyridoxine, pyridoxal and pyridoxamine and their 5′-phosphate)
2510010
(SUL in food)
Vitamin C [mg]
(L-ascorbic acid)
2000
Vitamin D [μg]
(ergocalciferol (vitamin D2), cholecalciferol (vitamin D3))
505025
(GL in food)
Vitamin E [mg]
(tocopherols and tocotrienols)
3001000800
(SUL in food)
Iron [mg]4517
(GL in food)

References & External links

  1. Scientific Committee on Food, Scientific Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies, TOLERABLE UPPER INTAKE LEVELS FOR VITAMINS AND MINERALS – http://www.efsa.europa.eu/sites/default/files/efsa_rep/blobserver_assets/ndatolerableuil.pdf.
  2. Dietary Reference Intakes Tables and Application – http://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/Activities/Nutrition/SummaryDRIs/DRI-Tables.
  3. Safe Upper Levels for Vitamins and Minerals, May 2003, Expert Group on Vitamins and Minerals – http://cot.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/vitmin2003.pdf.
  4. Dietary Supplements Vs Consumer Safety, Grażyna Krasnowska, Tadeusz Sikora, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu, Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie – http://eco-supplements.com/scientific/dietary-supplements-vs-consumer-safety/.
  5. European Commission. Health & Consumer Protection Directorate-General. Orientation paper on the setting of maximum and minimum amounts for vitamins and minerals in foodstuffs. Document prepared by Directorate-General Health and Consumer Protection, July 2007.

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The article "The maximum tolerable level of consumption of selected nutrients" in other languages
 
Maksymalny tolerowany poziom spożycia wybranych składników odżywczych po Polsku:
Maksymalny tolerowany poziom spożycia wybranych składników odżywczych